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Peer-Reviewed Critical Care Nursing Journal

A rapid realist review of practices for assigning remote telemetry responsibilities to new critical care nurses

Abstract

Background: Registered nurses in critical care units may have a variety of responsibilities in addition to direct patient care. Assuming roles over and above their patient assignment can be challenging for nurses new to critical care. Even though additional roles may include similar skill sets (e.g., electrocardiography), the demands of learning multiple new roles and responsibilities occur during a larger transition into specialty practice.

Aim: To identify and summarize literature that helps provide guidance and best-practice(s) regarding assigning telemetry to new critical care nurses.

Antecedents of burnout and turnover intentions during the COVID-19 pandemic in critical care nurses: A mediation study

Abstract

Background: Nurses working in critical care environments have experienced a great deal of psychological stress during the successive waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying factors which contribute to burnout and turnover intentions are important to retain intensive care unit (ICU) nurses.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify factors that are directly and indirectly associated with burnout and turnover intentions in ICU nurses.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used with survey data during the peak of the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“We were treading water.” Experiences of healthcare providers in Canadian ICUs during COVID-19 visitor restrictions: A qualitative descriptive study.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To explore and describe the impact of COVID-19 restrictive visitation policies on healthcare providers (HCPs) and to identify ongoing challenges and pragmatic solutions that could inform recommendations for patient and family-centered care (PFCC) in the ICU during pandemic conditions. 

Methods: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study within a constructivist paradigm. We used two sources of data collected simultaneously: semi-structured interviews conducted remotely via video or phone and written comments gathered through open-ended response boxes in a questionnaire to explore the perspectives of HCPs working in Canadian ICUs during visitor restrictions resulting from the first wave of COVID-19.

Canadian intensive care nurses’ infection prevention and control adherence and institutional trust: An update 1-year into the pandemic

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nurses are key healthcare workers whose adherence to infection prevention and control (IPC) measures is integral to the prevention of nosocomial spread of SARS-COV-2. Institutional trust is an important correlate of adherence. After initially surveying nurses early in 2020, we sought to evaluate how perceptions of IPC measures and institutional trust changed one year into the pandemic.

METHODS: We adapted an internationally distributed cross-sectional questionnaire, incorporating validated scales for items including institutional trust,

Barriers and facilitators in the provision of palliative care in critical care: A qualitative descriptive study of nurses’ perspectives

Intensive care units are providing increasing amounts of palliative care. Accordingly, integrating palliative care as a component of comprehensive critical care has been identified as a necessity. The purpose of this study was to explore what critical care nurses perceive as barriers and facilitators in the provision of palliative care in the critical care setting.

The development and implementation of an evidence-based risk reduction algorithm for post-extubation dysphagia in intensive care

Abstract

Intubation and mechanical ventilation are often required to support critically ill patients. These are life-sustaining measures and when they are no longer necessary, patients need to be carefully transitioned back to breathing, eating, and talking on their own. Post-extubation dysphagia is defined as swallowing difficulty following extubation. This condition can affect up to 87% of critically ill patients and can cause serious health complications such as aspiration pneumonia, which could require re-intubation,

Virtual reality as an adjunctive comfort measure in the intensive care and coronary care unit: A nurse-led quality improvement project

Abstract

Background:  Pain, discomfort, and anxiety in critical care units are complex, multifaceted experiences. Nurse-led implementations of adjunctive comfort measures in critical care settings are essential components in the holistic management of these experiences. Virtual reality is gaining popularity as an adjunctive comfort measure across acute care settings to promote patient comfort, though there is limited evidence examining the utility of virtual reality in critical care.

Purpose: Firstly,

Organ donation: A cross-Canada perspective of critical care nursing practice

Abstract

Aim: Our aim in this study was to describe the experiences of critical care nurses in the organ donation process in selected units across Canada. Interviews and focus groups were conducted to elicit perceptions of critical care nurses regarding their experiences with potential organ donors and their families.

Methods: Two adult critical care units (one with an active transplant program and one with no transplant program) in each of eight Canadian cities were studied.

A call for standardized national guidelines on QT/QTc monitoring in Canada

Background: With QT-prolonging drugs being trialed for the treatment of COVID-19, national health associations allude to the importance of proficient QT interval assessment, however in Canada, there is no policy in place that clearly identifies a single method for routine QT monitoring.

Aim: To demonstrate the need for a clear Canadian guideline for the measurement of the QT/QTc interval and to advocate for a standardized approach to education.

Methods: This paper uses a medical anthropological approach to scale this practice gap from the individual provider to the institutions which govern practice and education.Nurses and emergency medical personnel from hospitals across Canada were polled with questionnaires on their confidence and knowledge of assessing the QT/QTc interval.

Rôle de l’infirmière lors de la prise en charge d’une personne ventilée aux soins intensifs : une revue narrative

Résumé : En pratique clinique, l’infirmière joue un rôle essentiel dans la prise en charge de la personne ventilée aux soins intensifs. Afin de mieux comprendre ce rôle, une revue narrative de la littérature a été effectuée en sciences infirmières et plus précisément, la littérature qui porte sur la prise en charge des personnes ventilées aux soins intensifs. Une recherche des bases de données MEDLINE, Nursing & Allied Health Database, CINAHL et PsycINFO a généré 1107 écrits.

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